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Wildlife in Kerala

Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary

Also known as the Thekkady Wildlife Sanctuary, the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the hills of the Western Ghats spreading over an area of 675 sqkm. With its geomorphology, wildlife, beautiful landscape and the picturesque Periyar lake within, the sanctuary is a major tourism center in Kerala and attracts a very large number of tourists each year. With Over 1800 flowering plants including 171 grass species and 143 species of orchids, 35 species of Mammals and 265 varieties of Bird species, the Periyar Sanctuary is a repository of endemic, rare and endangered Flora and Fauna. Wild elephants, Gaurs, Langur, Sambar deer, Malabar giant squirrel, Flying Squirrel, Cobra, Viper, Krait, Hombill, Stork, Woodpecker, Kingfisher, Raptor, Darter, Cormorant, Rrackle, Cluster etc.


Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary

Adjacent to the Anamalai Wildlife Sanctuary of Tamil Nadu, this sanctuary sprawls across 285 sq km and offers a fascinating sight of rare wild animals. It abounds in a variety of Trees, mainly Teak, Neem, Sandalwood and Rosewood. There are three dams within the Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary, Parambikulam, Thunakadavu and Peruvaripallam. Parambikulam has the largest population of Gaurs (Indian bisons). The rich fauna includes Tigers, Leopards, Elephants, Sambars, Tahrs, Wild dogs, Indian muntjacs, Spotted deers, Jungle cats, Bonnet macaques, Lion-tailed macaques apart from nearly 150 species of birds. There are two watchtowers to observe animals. The place is ideal for boating and trekking. Boating and cruising facilities are available in the reservoirs.


Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary

Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary covers an area of 77 sq km in the Thodupuzha and Udumpanchola talukas of Idukki and occupies the forested area between the Cheruthoni and Periyar rivers. Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary is located at a distance of 40 kms from Thodupuzha. The great reservoir formed by the construction of the Idukki arch dam and dams at Cheruthoni and Kulamavu is a major tourist attraction. Lying at an altitude of 450 - 748m above sea level, the pristine forests and green hills around the area provide ample scope for trekking. Wild Population of Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary includes Elephants, Bison, Sambhar, Deer, Wild Dogs, Jungle Cats, Tiger, Wild Boar etc. The avian population includes Jungle Fowl, Myna, Laughing Thrush, Black Bulbul, Peafowl, Woodpecker, Kingfisher etc.


Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary

Chinnar Wild Life Sanctuary in Idukki district covering an area of 90 sq. km is unique for the thorny scrub forest. Unlike Other Regions in Kerala, Chinnar gets Only 48 Days of Rain. This is the second habitat of the endangered giant grizzled squirrel of India. This sanctuary is situated on either side of the Marayoor - Udumalpet road. The Marayoor sandal forest and the beautiful Thoovanam waterfalls are located here. Traveling along the Karimunthi - Chinnar road one can spot Elephants, Spotted Deer, Sambhar, Hanuman Monkey and even Peacocks on either sides of the road. There is a watchtower to observe animals. Early hours of the day is the best time to visit this sanctuary.


Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary

The Wayanad Sanctuary is part of the Wayanad Plateau and is home to Tigers, Leopards, Elephants and a number of other animals. The sanctuary is an extension of the Bandipur National Park in Kerala at its southern border. Rich in bio-diversity, the sanctuary is an integral part of the nilgiri biosphere reserve, which has been established with the chief objective of conserving the biological heritage of the region. The Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary comprises of deciduous forest
Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is home to a number of animals that include Monkeys, Elephant, Panther, jungle Cat, Tiger, Civet Cat, Wild Dog, Deer, Bear and Bison. Peacock, Babblers, Cuckoos, Owl, Wood Pecker and Jungle Fowl are only a few among the different types of birds seen in the area.


Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary

The Neyyar reservoir extends for only 9.06 sq km and offers exceptional opportunities for boating. The 1890 metres high Agasthyakoodam hill, named after the legendary Indian sage Agasthya, lies in the premises of this sanctuary. A crocodile rearing centre set up by the Govt. of India, Deer Farm and Lion Safari Park are the main attractions. The vegetation varies from tropical wet evergreen to grasslands. The park houses reptiles like Pythons, Cobras and Monitor Lizards and well-maintained gardens.


Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary

Located at about 50 km north east of Thiruvananthapuram city in Nedumangad taluk of Thiruvananthapuram district, Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary is spread over an area of 53 sq. km. The forests of this sanctuary constitute the catchment of Peppara dam, constructed across Karamana River to supply drinking water to Thiruvananthapuram city and suburban areas. It was declared a sanctuary in 1983 as thanks to the ecological significance of the area.
The place is fascinating for its Dam site, Thick forest areas, Eucalyptus plantations, Crystal clear streams and Rocky terrains ideal for adventure expeditions. This sanctuary has Tropical, Evergreen and Deciduous forests, and the hilly parts of the sanctuary harbor tropical forests.


Thattekkad Wildlife Sanctuary

Thattekkad Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Kothamangalam Taluk of Ernakulam district on the northern bank of the Periyar river. One of the most famous landmarks in Kerala, Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary is home to almost 500 species of exotic birds. The thick tropical deciduous and evergreen cover is a safe haven for these winged creatures.
Dr Salim Ali, the renowned ornithologist of India, described Thattekad in the 1930's as the richest bird habitat in peninsular India, comparable only with the eastern Himalayas.